Dongguk University is an educational institution established by the Korean Buddhism, and Donggukians are getting closer to worthy Buddhism than any other university students by learning basic doctrines about Buddhism. Buddhism, as well as the Donggukians, is already in many place throughout our daily lives. Did you know that some words, which were originally Buddhist terms, are now being used as everyday terms? The Dongguk Post would like to inform you about some of these words.
“Ju-In-Gong” is a word that means the main character who always creates a story at the center of the event in the drama where the story is composed. This word actually came from Buddhism. Ju-In-Gong refers to a person who has attained enlightenment in Buddhism. It is also used to refer to a true self that is unshakable by the external environment, anguish, and delusion.
“Sal-Lim” is a word that means managing a house and making a living. This word came from Buddhism. In Buddhism, Sal-Lim is the word for managing the property of a temple. At first, it meant to manage the property of a temple, but as it moved to modern times, it is said that the meaning expanded to refer to not only the temple but also to managing the property of ordinary families and establishing a life.
“Ji-Sik” is a word that means knowing something. This has a meaning as an abstract noun in modern times. However, this word is also a Buddhism word. In Buddhism, the word Ji-Sik means “person,” which means the person we know, the neighbor we love, and the friend we love.
“San-Hwa” is the word we commonly use to represent the meaning of praising one who sacrificed for one’s country. But this meaning is nothing but normalizing of Buddhism word. In Buddhism, San-Hwa means offering a service to Buddha with sprinkling flowers. Originally, it is sprinkling flowers to offer a service to Buddha, but it was extended to the meaning we commonly use, and it also got a meaning of flower which does not bear a fruit even if it can bloom its flower.
Myeong-Bok (Bliss of Dead)
“Myeng-Bock” is a common word that people in Korea use at one’s funeral. It is used in public appearances and in the formal phrases such as “May one rest in peace.” In Buddhism, it means the happiness of the afterlife. In other words, a virtue in the afterlife when someone was dead.
“Gong-Bu” means study, and we frequently use it in our common life. However, it originated from the Buddhism word “Jul-Gong-Bu.” In the Buddhist temple, Jul-Gong-Bu means cultivating the Buddhist faith by doing one’s best in Zen meditation and Buddhist prayer.
“Na-Rak” is a word means an extreme situation that cannot be escaped. It is a Buddhist term which refers to hell, or a place of suffering from pain. It originally means a bottomless hole in Buddhism. Recently, it is used as a slang word to criticize people who caused controversy.
“Da-Ban-Sa” is a word means an everyday occupancy. It is a Buddhist term which refers to drinking tea and eating food. In Zen Buddhism, there is no unusual way to meditate and cultivate. Just like drinking tea and eating food, daily lives lead to achieving Zen.
Dae-Jung (The Public)
“Dae-Jung” is a word that means a large number of people from different social classes. In Buddhism, it refers to a great assembly or congregation, and it is a general term for a community of monks and nuns. In Buddhist sutra, there are lots of expressions using a word Dae-Jung.
Tal-Lak (Drop Out)
“Tal-Lak” means falling or dropping out of a specific range. The Buddhist meaning of Tal-lak is getting out of obsession and finally reaching the point where the body and mind are liberated. In other words, the Buddhist meaning of Tal-Lak is “taking-off.” In modern times, the meaning of Tal-Lak refers to a situation in which one does not get good grades or records in a game or test.
The term “Jeom-Sim” means the time from noon to half a day when the sun is the highest, or a meal eaten at the time. Jeom-Sim was originally a term used to refer to a very little amount of food that the monks ate when they were practicing asceticism as if they were marking a dot in their mind. In modern times, it is used to mean a meal eaten during the day regardless of its amount.
“Gi-Teuk” means that something is cute as it is clever to say or act. The Buddhist meaning of Gi-Tuek is the birth of a strange and special Buddha. In modern times, it is generally used to describe young children who are bright and clever. It is an expression used only by superiors to subordinates.
Lee Jun-ho firstname.lastname@example.org
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