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Monday,June 21,2021
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Cheating, do not criticize blindly, approach with ethical views.

Have you ever cheated or experienced any student who attempted to cheat? According to a report on a campaign for eliminating cheating by Korean university students; about 46% of students have had an experience of cheating. 4,964 students responded from 54 universities. 28.6% of freshman, 29% of sophomore, 20.4% of junior and 13.5% of seniors admitted to cheating during their campus life.

They answered the question 'What made you to cheat on an examination?' 3,517 students (about 71%) attributed the cause to pressure to receive good grades. 989 students (about 20%) said that they cheated because of their fear of losing. 196 students (about 4%) said that they just followed what others did. 

Cheating can lead to serious problems. Let’s look at some student’s points of view on cheating as well as get expert opinions on factors such as background and a fundamental solution. So what are the fundamental causes of cheating? 

After examinations, we talked about the exams level of difficulty as well as grading. One of my friends said, “last semester I got an A0 by cheating.” Because I studied hard last semester, I couldn’t control my rage and said, “do you think that you did a good job?” to which he replied, “so, what should I do? If I didn’t do that, I would suffer a loss because of other people’s cheating.”

“It was a lecture of Visual Programming. That lecture is not my major so I gave up. I thought that I’d rather study for my major than those so called ‘general requirements.’ I decided to cheat.” a student said anonymously.

Another student said that he witnessed cheating. It was a lecture about Law. After handing in his answer paper he left the lecture room. At that moment one student was sending an SMS. He stole a glance at the subject of SMS. Surprisingly, it was about questions on the examination. Because Law has a huge quantity of students he heard that this kind of cheating is common. However, he was embarrassed by seeing the cheating occur in person. So what do students think about cheating?

A student from the College of Engineering on condition of anonymity said, “It is certain that cheating is unscrupulous behavior in terms of ethics. Because the students make unfair profits by easy ways rather than his/her effort. However, we cannot point the finger at them owing to human psychology. If you are in that situation; the exam is tomorrow but you did not study well. Moreover, society wants you to get a high grade (so called spec). Can you overcome the temptation of cheating ? an easy way of getting a good grade? And so, what I want to say is this: the person can be influenced by their situation. Ah, I will cheat! It doesn’t make any sense. In conclusion, people should point out students who cheat from an ethical view rather than from a legal standpoint.” Let’s look at some professional advice.

Oh Yeong-hee, a professor in the Department of Educational Psychology at Duksung Women’s University, gave an opinion in her thesis: 'the real condition of cheating in university and the solution to eradicate cheating'. She said that there are several causes of cheating. Firstly, the surrounding environment can cause cheating. Lack of supervision, light awareness about cheating and the increase of cheating potential are examples of the surrounding environment. Secondly, Professors tend to create exam questions which are easy to cheat on. Thirdly, students who don’t cheat suffer from external pressure (in this case, peer pressure is relevant). This leads to form sense of loss and decreases the effects of a guilty conscience.

Subsequently, There aren't any institutional strategies that exist to completely prevent cheating. Finally, the desire for grade supremacy has become more common because of the increasing unemployment rate. University education has been slowly changing to job training school. These are the major causes of cheating. 

To prevent cheating, the professor suggested 4 things. Most importantly, encourage the students to be honest and upright in their studies. Also, the university office should specify in statutes the consequences of cheating. Specifically, the definition, standards and procedure for punishment should be stated. Programs for preventing cheating should be designed, and lastly, school members should set up a special committee which is in charge of cheating.

Cheating is an undeniable criminal act. In a situation of unemployment crisis, most students concentrate on their grades. However, to earn better grades in illegitimate ways can take a heavy toll on other students who study very hard. Introducing systems such as preventive education and public relations about cheating are important, but ultimately students should restore their conscience and avoid the act of cheating.

 

Choi Deok  manasa1147@dongguk.edu

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