First of all, ethnic diversity would be the solution for low birthrate. According to the statistics from the National Statistics Office, the birthrate in Korea is less than 1.2, which is much lower than the average rate of OECD countries. The problem is economically active population will be decreased in the near future, which would cause the lack of labors in society. In this situation, the population from foreign countries would be the way to overcome this problem. Actually there have alreadly been a lot of workforce from other countries in Korea, and it is true that they play a significant role in labor market. In the case of the United States, it is said that its birthrate is relatively high compared to other developed countries, mostly due to the generous immigration policy. Having said that, ethnic diversity would be the great way to secure workforce in Korea.
In addition, ethnic diversity would definitely make Korea multicultural society. It doesn’t take a genius to know that Korea is such a conservative and passive toward other culture and society. Even in the Korean national euthem, there is a word about homogeneity in Korea. However, this kind of idea is detrimental toward national economy. It is true that Korean economy depend so much on export and trausaction with other countries. In contracting with other countries, one can easily know that trust and mutual understanding is such an importance. In this situation, ethnic diversity would be the solution to relieve prejudice and closeness toward other countries. For example, let’s take a look at Dongguk University. In campus, one can easily meet foreign students due to exchange students program, from China, Japan, America, and even Czech. These kinds of students brings ethnic diversity in the university, which gives local students more chance to understand their culture and history. Eventually, Donggukians get accustomed to other culture, which makes them open-minded toward world. No doubt that ethnic diversity would make every person in Korea like Donggukians.
Last but not least, ethnic diversity would make Korea more competitive especially for tourism. As everyone knows, tourism is one of the major markets in the world. Thanks to the steady development of transportation system, people can easily travel abroad, which makes tourism more significant in nation’s economy. In the case of Korea, the portion of tourism in GDP is relatively small even though it has a lot of historical sites and vacation spots. This is majorly due to the lack of publicity work and information about Korea in the world. Even though we held international sport competition two times; the 1988 Seoul Olympic and the 2002 Korea & Japan World cup, the international recognition and popularity is relatively low. In this situation, ethnic diversity would be one of the best solution to publicize Korea. Once foreigners visit Korea, they would definitely get more chance to get to know Korean culture and history. Considering the cutting-edged transportation system as well as historical remains in Korea, it would definitely work well. Besides, these kinds of visitors can be a great private envoy who can introduce Korea to their families and friends. According to Korean Tourism Organization, it vies a lot of events for foreigner to get a chance to get to know Korea Obviously, a lot of foreigners in Korea would be beneficial to the tourist industry in Korea.
To summarize what I mentioned above, ethnic diversity would bring three important forte to Korea; it can give us workforce; it can make Korea more open to other countries; and it can boost Korean tourist industries. Several minor problems and concerns about ethnic diversity must be admitted and have to be solved. However, considering what I mentioned above, the power of ethnic diversity cannot be underestimated.
Lee Young-jea .
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