동국포스트

Tuesday,October 27,2020
Last Update : 4:36 PM ET
상단여백
HOME Cover Cover Story
Eco-campus: The Movement of Saving Energy
  • Kwak Gyu-ryeong, Lee Soo-Jin
  • 승인 2008.09.05 13:44
  • 댓글 0

 

Introduction
  Lee, a Dongguk University student, finds it difficult to get money from her purse.  The reason is the cost of the commodities, transportation and food is soaring.  She is trying to cut down on the amount of junk food she eats.  And, to reduce transportation expenses, she also walks along the street where she use to take the bus.  She says, "Transit expenses cannot be ignored because it costs me a lot to ride the bus.  For this reason if I have the time, I will walk.  It can be annoying but then again it is a little good because I can lose some weight." 
 

 What is the reason that her life-style has changed?  It is the high cost of oil.  The ballooning price of oil is a big issue because it is causing a slowdown-an economic slump.  This phenomenon has spread all over the world including Korea.  Because of this, each country's organization related to economic issues are keeping a close watch for the negative after-effects caused by the high cost of oil. 
 

 The main reason why this problem is in the spotlight is because the high cost of oil leads to a vicious upward price spiral.  Specifically, the cost of raw materials have risen with the cost of oil similar to the rising price of commodities.  If this problem remains unchanged, there is a concern that the slowdown will be more drawn out.
  Countermeasures for this fear are beginning to appear.  For example, government and public offices are creating models to save energy such as  alternative-day-no-driving (2-day rotation) systems and energy conserving temperature maintance for buildings.  These programs encourage public participation.  Several citizen groups promote the pubic use of bicycles.

  We are still highly wasteful  in our use of energy in spite of the efforts of these groups.  Some of the agencies point out, that some of these offenders are Universities.  Universities are the main problem because of their extravagant use of energy such as electrical use, air conditioners, etc.  Let's see how things stand in the case of the situation at Universities.    
 

 Many university campuses are renowned for their waste. But perhaps the days of seeing perfectly good thrift-shop-worthy items overflowing from university dumpsters at the end of each school year is drawing to a close.  When you think about the environmental sustainablity of your own school, let's start with the dining hall, where dollars spent can make a huge impact.  What percentage of the campus food budget is spent on organic and local foods?  Do they use organic, fair-trade coffee and chocolate?  Does your school grow any of its own food?  Is food waste composted for use as fertilizer for the campus flower beds or sent to the landfill?  Are the paper napkins made from recycled paper?  Does the dining hall use ceramic plates and silverware rather than styrofoam and disposable cutlery?  Are recycling bins available?
 

  Next, take a look at the other buildings on campus. Are dorms and classrooms energy and water efficient?  Does the campus incorporate renewable energy or alternative fuels into their energy mix?  Are laundry facilities energy efficient?  Does the university use environmentally friendly building materials and sustainable development practices for expansion and renovations? Is the janitorial staff using green cleaning products?
Most universities are tabloid editions of a consuming community.  The universities have wasted energy and accumulated a large quantity of trash.  Korea Energy Management Corporation announced that 75 domestic universities consume about 397130TOE energy.  (1TOE is generated, when 1ton of oil is burned).  The universities emit about 353000ton of carbon dioxide a year.  This is equivalent to the carbon dioxide consumption of about 1.3millions trees.
 

 Korea Energy Management Corporation ranked the greatest energy wasters and 23 universities were in the top of 200 ranked.  So, The Post decided to take up the cause.
Indiscreet expansion of their campuses
 

   The universities have big campuses and laboratories of every kind.  They do not use all their lecture rooms, and they continue to expand their campuses.  They were also eager to acquire a law school license.  "It is serious problem when they cut a green track of land and use the place for more buildings," said Lim Su-jin, a manager of Korea Environment & Resources Corporation.  The problem is how most effectively to use existing lands.  ECO-campus movements are starting around universities to find ways for an eco-friendly life.

Situation at DGU
DGU is going together with other universities to open the green roof system.  The buildings which will be involved are 6; Haklim Hall, Student Hall, Dongguk Hall, Hyehwa Hall, the Academic Cultural Center and Manhae Hall.  One of the Facility Management participants said, "Thorough this green roof plan, it is expected that there will be effect insulating for each building and an expansion of afforestation on campus."  This plan will be added to the 2008 supporting project of afforestation spaces hosted by Seoul city government.  They will support DGU for 70% of the expenses.  It should be completed this autumn.
  DGU is late in the development of an ECO-campus compared with other universities.  But, starting with the green roof project, DGU will show its commitment to a Eco-campus.

Kookmin Universiy
Kookmin University started the Eco-campus movement in the year 2003.  Last September in front of the international building in Koonkmin university, 80 students who attended a lecture 'Keeping our green campus together', made a kitchen garden by removing the asphalt and transplanted cabbage seeds.  They gained valued experience about life by cultivating their own cabbage.  They gave a present to the old people by making kimch with the special cabbage they harvested.  They are trying to protect the environment through this class.
Kookmin University set up an underground parking lot to make a greener campus without cars.  The ground parking lot was changed into grass.  They also opened a regular recycling marketplace.

Sangji University
Sangji University won the 10th Energy Winner of the Year award.  Energy Winner of the Year award is given to the institute which saves the most energy.  It was the first time that the university won the award. 
Sangji University installed a cooling-heating system using ground source heat in the dormitory and the Sangji business incubator.  The system is highly energy-efficient and has cut every costs about 60 percent by not using city gas.  Solar panels which can generate 50Kw of electricity per hour using the sun's energy, were also installed on the campus.
Sangji university also provided eco-friendly meals in its cafeterias.  They have provided side dishes using organic ingredients and have not used ingredients which add preservatives or coloring matter. 

Sookmyung Women's University
Sookmyung Women's University has tried to save energy.  Volunteers at the campus joined the movement for saving energy (Sookmyung Must Save Energy).  The purpose of this movement was to reduce greenhouse gasses and the high oil cost to help lighten the burden on tuition fees.
They make inspection rounds of the campus to turn off the lights and electrical appliances which remained on in empty lecture room every Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 8 p.m.  They started program as it made an easy routine for them.  They smiled and said that this was a helpful exercise because they go up and down stairs for an hour.  They also carried signs about saving the energy.  Some signs said 'Turn off the computers in the school at night and not raise tuition fees.'

Konkuk University
Konkuk University's professor Ahn Hyung-geun installed solar panels in his office.  Solar panels generate electricity.  This electricity powers the lights, electric fan and radio.  Also Ahn professor set up the power station system using rays of the sun (photovoltaic power station system).  This system generate an average of 295 killowatt-hour a day.  Ahn professor said that this system is an effective way to save a lot of energy. 

Chosun University
Chosun University built a photovoltaic power station system and a solar water heater together with Gwangju metropolitan city with the aim of becoming a solar powered city.  They also built an energy-saving dormitory.  Because it has a southern aspect, there is plenty of sunshine.  As a result of their efforts, they saved on heating bills and electric charges, and reduced carbon dioxide emissions.  Chosun Univeristy also founded a small research center and a research park to study solar energy on the campus. 

Gyeongsang National university
Gyeongsang National University's dormitory students launched the 'Empty Bowl' campaign.  As a result of the campaign, they reduced the volume of waste 65 percent.  They also planned a green festival without waste.  People who returned their waste after eating were given one thousand won.
  They also started a movement to go to school by in-line skating instead of by car.  They expanded this movement by lending in-line skates for free and giving a course on in-line skating.

The other universities in Korea
Cheju National University created a comfortable places for students and others.  They planted 14 types of wild flowers from the main gate to the gymnasium and the pavement was changed into a wooded area.  Seoul National University limited the operation of their elevator and they turned off half the lights in the hallways.  Hongik University prohibited parking in the campus.  They removed the asphalt pavement and covered the area with stones. 


St Hellens College
Greening the College
Over the past 10 years the College has developed a number of initiativatious aimed at improving its environmental position. These have included the Environmental Garden at the Newton site, the Environmental Technology Centre at the town centre campus, litter pickups, and the promotion of greater use of public transport to reduce car usage.  The latest introduction was the paper recycling scheme.
Transport
For several years now the college has been concerned with the impact that its activities, buildings, staff, students and visitors have on the environment. One of their main concerns is transport. As staff numbers grow, the number of car parking spaces decrease. These concerns as well as related health and pollution problems, led the College to actively encourage the use of public transport. Staff members are provided free bus passes if they voluntarily surrender their car park passes. They are also planning to improve their cycle storage facilities and public transport information.

Japanese universities
Japan has launched an energy-saving project named "Team Minus 6 Percent" to ease global warming.  Goal of this project is to achieve Japan's greenhouse gas reduction target of 6 percent below 1990 levels by 2012 under the Kyoto Protocol.  'Cool biz' and 'Warm biz' campaign is the main project. 
Japanese universities tried to join this project.  They focused on several actions: to set air conditioners at 28 degrees celsius, to avoid wasting water by not letting it run freely, to choose and buy eco-friendly products, and to unplug any devices not being used.  Their efforts to save energy succeeded.
Conclusion
  The Post summarized the Eco-campus movements for internal and external universities. 
  Universities will contribute to energy-saving, sooner or later. At the same time, it goes without saying there is a need for students's attitude to also change as this movement will only succeed if both are committed to an ECO-campus.


The students should make an effort for ECO-campus.
Conserve water and energy.
  Take short showers and don’t leave the water running when you are washing dishes or brushing teeth. Turn off your lights and your computer when you are not using them. Consider that laptops use far less energy than desktop computers. Buy a solar backpack that can charge your iPod and cell phone as you walk between classes. And limit your car use by carpooling, walking and biking.
 Reduce waste.
 Find out about recycling resources in the community if your campus does not offer recycling services. Carry your own mug and reusable water bottle to the campus dining hall or local coffee shops. Read class handouts on your computer instead of printing them. Use the public library. Share subscriptions to environmentally friendly magazines with others. Use the dorm kitchen instead of buying your own personal microwave and mini-fridge.

Conclusion
  The followings summarizes the ECO-campus movements for internal and external universities. 
  Universities will contribute to energy-saving, sooner or later. At the same time, it goes without saying there is a need for students's attitude to also change as this movement will only succeed if both are committed to an ECO-campus.

 

 

 

 Post reporter   Kwak Gyu-ryeong
Lee Soo-jin
Lee Jin-kyung

Kwak Gyu-ryeong, Lee Soo-Jin  ryeong@dongguk.edu

<저작권자 © 동국포스트, 무단 전재 및 재배포 금지>

icon인기기사
기사 댓글 0
전체보기
첫번째 댓글을 남겨주세요.
여백
여백
여백
Back to Top