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Is DU Close to Globalizing?

Is DU Close to Globalizing?

By Lee Min-jeong
serendipity@dongguk.edu
Lee Soo-jin
Jun Ji-min
Park Min-woo

JoongAng Ilbo announced its annual university rankings, and Dongguk University (DU) was again not ranked in top 20.  One of the reasons is a low score on Globalization.  The newspaper's criteria were Degree of Globalization (70), Professor's Research (120), University's Reputation and Employment Rate of Graduates (110) and Academic Conditions and Finance (100). 
  Because the importance of the Internationalization section rose to 17.5 percent this year, compared with 14 percent in 2006, it has become a more important standard in ranking universities.  So, many universities tried to internationalized themselves, including DU.  Since Oh Young-kyo, the 16th president of DU, was inaugurated, DU tried to promote internationalization, which is one of the pillars of Project 108.  DU established the Office of International Programs and Education to increase English lectures, promote inbound and outbound internationalization and arrange global culture programs, but there is very little to show for it.

Part 1 DU's  present globalization situation and its problems.

The Internationalization section, which is one of the standards of university evaluation established by JoongAng Ilbo, is worth 70 points out of a possible 400.  It consists of five factors;  percentage of foreign professors (20), foreign students who register for a degree course (15), percentage of exchange students sent abroad (10), percentage of foreign exchange students (5) and percentage of English lectures in one's major (20).  The Post compared DU universities ranked in the top 5.

Ranking
University
Percentage of foreign professor
1
Nazarene University
25.87
2
Hongik University
25.73
3
Pusan University of Foreign Studies
23.29
4
Hankuk University of Foreign Studies
22.54
5
Handong University
22.52

 

Ranking
University
Percentage of foreign students who register degree course
1
Dongyang University
10.12
2
Chongju University
7.46
3
Daebul University
7.24
4
Sunmoon University
6.08
5
Silla University
5.23


Ranking
University
Percentage of exchange students sent abroad
1
Ewha Womans University
3.36
2
Hankuk University of Foreign Studies
2.69
3
Dongseo University
2.52
4
Gyeongju University
2.26
5
Incheon University
1.98


Ranking
University
Percentage of foreign exchange students
1
Ewha Womans University
9.72
2
Uiduk University
9.00
3
Kyunghee University
5.70
4
Sogang University
5.58
5
Yonsei University
3.75

 

Ranking
University
Percentage of English lectures in major
1
KAIST
35.18
2
Handong University
22.82
3
Korea University
22.18
4
Hankuk University of Foreign Studies
20.35
5
Yonsei University
17.06


Compared to the top5, DU did poorly.  Nazarene University took the first place with 25.87% Percentage of foreign professors while DU scored only 6.27%, a quarter of Nazarene's score.  Also, DU is legging behind other schools in Percentage of English lectures in one's major.  So, DU's low number of foreign students and foreign exchange students is understandable given that there are too few lectures in English .
 
Problems
The Post  found that 72% of students surveyed answered that they cannot noticed the internationalization efforts, such as Dongguk International Summer School (DISS) and the exchange student program made by School Authority (SA).  Also, students surveyed gave DU a score of 4.30 out of 10 in the section measuring the degree of globalization.
The other problems is that school is focused mostly on increasing the number of foreign students without including practical programs for them.

Part 2  Successful globalization at other universities.
Yonsei University
- Established East Asian Education Base (EAEB) with UC Berkeley in Songdo Global Academic Complex
 Yonsei University will open a globalization campus, Yonsei Songdo Global Academic Complex, in New Songdo City in March 2010.  UC Berkeley will open a campus here for East Asian Education Base (EAEB) and Yonsei University has made a contract with Berkeley to build this base.  Berkeley will send its faculty to the Songdo Complex and classes will be offered to both Yonsei and Berkeley students.  All classes will be taught in English. 

- Underwood International College
To promote 'inbound' globalization, Yonsei established the Underwood International College (UIC) in 2006. Nearly all Korean UIC students have lived or studied abroad at some time in their school life, which should help with integrating the many international students attending the school.  In addition, all lectures are taught in English and there are many foreign professors.

- Yonsei Nobel Forum
 Six Nobel laureates will give lectures anually at Yonsei.

- Yonsei Korea Language Institute
Korea Language Institute (KLI) of Yonsei Univ. is a large-scale institute with 100 instructors teaching approximately 800 students.  Students can learn not only Korean but also Korean culture.  KLI offers many cultural exchange programs between foreign students and Korean students, such as Matching Friends event, Concert, Fork Festival and SOHO.

- Global Lounge
Yonsei Univ. opened Global Lounge to promote international exchanges.  Students can watch all the major broadcast channels and read many international publications.  Also, there is an 'English Only Zone' where students have to speak in English and where they can find English conversation partners.

Korea University
- International Campus in Gongju
At this International Campus, all lectures will be taught in English and every student must live in the dormitory (1 foreign student and 1 Korean student in each room). Also, foreign professors will be at least 50% of the faculty and there will be a 30% to 40% quota of international students.

- International Video Conference
Students can debate and talk about various topics face-to-face with university students from other countries  via the Internet.  They can see each other on a 52 inch screen.  About 30 students and professors will participate in this English program.

Korea National University of Arts
- Art Major Asian Scholarship (AMA)
The AMA project is a scholarship system which cultivates artists from foreign countries; by providing organized art education to make art school graduates for elite students in many Asian countries.  Students' school expenses, Korean language training, and airline tickets will be paid for by Korean Corporations overseas and the Ministry of Culture and Tourism.

- Art Major Asian Faculty explore knua (AMAFek)
AMAFek is a training program linked to the AMA project.  AMAFek will invite professors and experts from foreign countries for exchanges in diversification and activation art education and culture via research and workshops that promote Asian artistic and cultural ability.  Trainees' school expenses, Korean language training, and airline tickets will be paid for by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism.

Hankuk University of Foreign Studies
- Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MOFAT) International Internship Program
This program chooses excellent students and sends them to embassies and legations abroad as interns for six months, it is based on a bilateral agreement between MOFAT and HUFS.  The chosen students get experience in business and learn about diplomacy and they can earn 12 school credits.

- 7+1 System
This system's purpose is to improve students' global mind.  They can study at prominent foreign universities for at least one semester of the eight semesters, they are attending HUFS.

Cheongju Universitiy 
Cheongju University has had Campus Internationalization since 2002.  Chengju University has about 1,250 foreign students, is the most in Korea, and 45 foreign professors who are developing language ability. Also, Cheongju University is aiding about 300 Korean students to study abroad.  Lately, they are constructing International Town, which is about 19,600 square meters, and the town will be completed by the end of next year. International Town, meets the growing demand for internationalization, and will have a dormitory capacity for 730 students, faculty apartments for 40 families, a Korean education center, and a life-time education center.

These universities are the leaders in globalization.  They received high rankings for their internationalization and they have many international programs for students.  DU also has a KLI.  However, the number of instructors, students and cultural exchange programs between foreign students and Korean students is not enough compared with Yonsei KLI.  The Yonsei KLI is a good model for DU's.  Also, KNUA's international exchange programs are good examples too, because of DU's specialization in the Arts.
 All of these universities internationalization programs are good guides for DU.

Part 3 Vision of DU's globalization.
DU has realized the importance of  internationalization for less than a year.  International Programs & Education (IPE), which is responsible for internationalization service, was established in 2007 by extending international exchange based on the 108 project.  Based upon the principle of "Glocalism," a combination of globalization and localization, the IPE is responsible for matters between DU and DU's foreign sister universities.  The IPE has done its best to globalize DU in 2007.  Beginning with the Association of Pacific Rim Universities (APRU) conference in March, the IPE attended both the Asia Pacific Association for International (APAIE) conference and the European Association for International Education (EAIE) conferences in 2007 and introduced DU to the world's leading universities.  These conferences are very important because they offer various data and allow us to promote DU while there. 
  How should we promote DU at conferences?  First of all,  in contrast to other Korean universities, DU can promote itself as a Buddhist school.  DU, for example, has the best Buddhist studies program in Asia.  The world is now focusing on Asian values including Buddhism.  This will make DU attractive to many foreign students and universities.  Second, a unique feature is its Performing Arts and Film & Digital Media program.  DU has already produced lots of celebrities in this field.  Therefore, DU can appeal to Asian students due to the Korean Wave.  "We also have an excellent School of Business," said Kim Sang-yoo, who works in the IPE office.  Since there are many professors who speak English fluently, international exchange programs including the MBA program appeal to foreign students.  Besides, DU's Quantum-functional Semiconductor Research Center (QSRC) and Millimeter-wave INnovation Technology Research Center (MINT) were both selected as SRC and ERC by Korea Science Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) in 1997, 2001 and 2004.  Thus, DU is recognized as a good school for Science majors. 
  Due to these academic features, DU has made agreements with 11 foreign universities in 2007.  "Duel degree" agreements were made with University of Texas at Dallas (UTD) and Indian Institute of India-Mumbai Business Colleges. DU and Peking University also agreed to promote a "Duel degree" between Buddhist studies colleges and Arts colleges. In the case of Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NUST), which made an exchange agreement with DU on Oct. 2007, they will accept five DU students.  This is very generous of NUST because it admitted only one  Korean student from Ewha Womans University and one from Kaist. 
  DU is promoting agreements with many universities including Fourteen universities in the America and Europe.

Agreements in 2007
Promoting Agreement (America/Europe)
?University of Kansas
?University of London (SOAS, Goldsmith College)
?Bath Spa University of College
?Illinois State University
?Norwegian University of Science and  Technology
?Technical University of Ostrava
?Oxford Center for Buddhist Studies, Oxford University
?University of Texas at Dallas
?Indian Institute of India-Mumbai
? Jeul-Gang University
?Peking University
?University of California, Santa Cruz
?University of Babes-Bolyai
?Uppsala University
?University College Dublin
?Hamburg University
?NHL University
?Savonia University of Applied           Science
?University of Western Sydney
?Hogeschool Zeeland
?University of Leicester
?Western Illinois University
?University of Wisconsin-River Falls
?Malaspina University

< List of DU's new foreign sister universities>
IPE's plan for "World Wide Dongguk"
  " We should be giving more weight to out-bound students than in-bound students," Mr. Kim said.  There are not enough English lectures except for conversation classes, so out-bound students have are at a disadvantage before they attend foreign universities.  "Due to the few English lectures in the school curriculum, it is more important to send DU students abroad at this point in time," He stressed.  But DU hasn't given up on trying to attract out-bound students.  one hundred and thirty students took DISS (Dongguk International Summer School) classes, and 11 of them were foreign students.  This was the first year for DISS, and the IPE wants to develop the program.  It plans to increase DISS's five classes to eight and to promote DISS through foreign alumni and sister universities in 2008.
In order to globalize Dongguk, the IPE will continue to participate in international conferences and network with foreign professors.

Part 4. Donggukian Voices

The Post interviewed Chinese and Japanese interchange students, their helpers, and a student who attended interchange student program.

International Trade Dept.
 <Deng Jing, a sophomore> (from China)
Q.  Why did you transfer to DU?
A. I was really interested in the Korean language. And my friend transferred to DU, then he suggested that I come here.

Q. How’s your relationship with DU students?
A. There is a small club, the ISU, which includes DU students and some international students.  I met some Korean friends at an ISU meeting.  But not many people know about this club.

Q. What do you want DU to do?
A. It would be really great, if DU built a dormitory so that international students could live together.  Also, I want DU to make various cultural exchange programs between foreign students and Korean students.

Q. What problems do you experience at DU?
A. I’m having a hard time understanding some of my lectures, because some professors speak a little bit fast for me.  But my Korean friends help me understand the lectures.

Q. What are the advantages that DU has?
A. DU is in the middle of Seoul, so its easy to get to by bus or subway. And we get fresh air from Namsan.  It also has good views. 

Q. Have you ever heard of the Korean Language School?
A. Yes, I’ve heard about it.  I learned Korean in the school.  I’ve been in Seoul for 3 years now.  My Korean ability is getting better and the Korean Language School was really helpful to me.

Law Dept.
<Hiroko, an interchange student> /from Japan/

Q. Why did you come to DU?
A. I became interested in Korea when I visited Korea on a school excursion ten years ago.  Then a man I knew was interchange student in Korea and he suggested that I study in the Korea.  My school and DU have a sisterhood relationship.  That's why I'm studying here.

Q. Do students at your school know anything about DU?
A. When I decided to go to DU, I told my friends.  She likes Korean culture and drama and is a big fan of Cho In-sung.

Q.  Do you experience any inconveniences at DU?
A. Unfortunately, the Korean Education Center vacation and DU's are not the same.  So I only got 3 weeks vacation in the summer.

Q.  What do you like about DU?
A. I joined DU's samulnori club.  Learning samulnori was fun.  And I especially enjoyed it because club people addressed me kindly.

Q.  Are there any meetings of foreign interchange students?
A. There are a few meetings.  Last time, there was a 'Food Party'.  Each person brought their own national food.  We enjoyed the food.

Department of Business Administration
Park Hong-jun, a sophomore who helps interchange students.

Q. How do you help interchange students?
A. Now, I am helping an interchange student from China one-on-one.  My role is to try to understand and help him with his living problems.  Also, I am working as a Cultural Publicity Ambassador.

Q.  How can interchange students learn Korean?
A. My student is learning Korean at DU's Korean Education Center.  He says it is helping him.

Q.  What does he like about DU?
A. He says DU is elegant, and the quality of life is better in Korea than china.

Q. What are some of the inconveniences about our school?
A. Since he has been in Korea for only 3 months, conversation with Korean students is sometimes difficult.

Q.  What should DU do to improve the lives of the interchange students?
A. DU must build a dormitory, as soon as possible.

Q.  What do you think about DU's internationalization program?
A. I think the International Programs & Education Department's role is positive.  But DU is too focused on Asia.  It should be more internationalized.  This will happen as its programs develop.

English Lang. & Lit.  Dept.
Ha Su-jee, a DU student who is preparing to be an exchange student.

Q.  How many students participate in the student interchange program?

A. Because of poor publicity , only five students attended the program.  There were no seniors.

Q.  Was the student interchange program helpful to you?
A. It was very beneficial.  I learned how to write an essay and to fill out an application in English.  And I got practical information about the ways of issuing visa and tips for living in a dormitory, as well. 

Q.  Does DU have an exchange agreement with the schools you'd like to attend?
A.  There are many schools that I want to attend, but I will choose one with a relationship with DU..  So I am looking at UBC in Canada and the University of Michigan in the US.

Q: What do you think of DU's poor interchange program with western universities?
A: It is very regretable since I am majoring in English Language and Literature.

Q: How can DU help someone like you?
A: Since I major in English, DU should establish sisterhood relationships with many western schools with good English programs.  Also, DU's support of exchange students is very insufficient.  Scholarship money is very small compared with other schools. Studying abroad is expensive.  So I hope that DU increases exchange students' financial support.  Finally, I want DU to make a program similar to the summer/winter program so that students can get credits from foreign schools during the vacation.


The Post surveyed 125 Donggukians to find out their opinion of DU's internationalization.

1. What does DU have that will help it become "World Wide Dongguk"?
① Its 100 year history and Buddhist tradition -40
② Its Performing Arts and Film & Digital Media Depts. -40
③ Its location in central Seoul -40
⑤ Other things -5 --(None. -5)

2. What improvements are required of our school for globalization, and what do you wish to school?
① More English lectures -5
② More foreign professors -5
③ Better interchange program with foreign students -26
④ Better interchange program with the English-speaking countries -51
⑤ More financial support for exchange students -32
⑥ Other things -6
(Stop promoting Buddhism -3; better use of medical college & Oriental medical college in Gyeongju -1; recruit top professors and support their research abroad -1; improve school facilities -1)

Conclusion
All universities are making great efforts to globalize with well-planned strategies.  The reason why we should promote globalization is not for status.  We should promote globalization so that DU can develop in its own unique way and so that students can benefit.
Korean universities including DU are focusing too much on Outbound programs that send students abroad.  Of course, it is important that students go abroad and experience new things, but globalization is not a one-way street.  In order to realize true globalization, the school has to concentrate on not only Out-bound globalization but also on In-bound globalization, which will attract foreign students to DU and keep a balance between Out-bound and In-bound globalization.
DU should make the best use its unique characteristics and establish various internationalization programs to attract excellent foreign students to DU.  This will make possible both globalizaions.
If this happens, DU could develop into a true international university.  We hope that DU will be recognized as 'Global DU' in the near future.

Lee Min-jeong  serendipity@dongguk.edu

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