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National Security Law and Witch-Hunt in Korea
 Preconditions of a witch-hunt in the western middle-age were consistent, whether the events took place in England or Scotland. The community had to know something about the practices of witches and to be convinced of their habits. Lawyers and judges also had to believe in witchcraft, since they controlled the judicial process and could halt the hunts. For successful prosecutions, specific anti-witchcraft legislation and the establishment of jurisdiction were necessary. Witch-hunts were smaller where inquisitional procedures and torture were prohibited, as in the process of modernization of England and Scotland.
   Preconditions of a people-hunt in the modern Korean society were consistent, whether the events took place in Japanese Imperialist colonial society(1910 to 1945), South Korea under the U. S. Armed Forces(1945 to 1948), and the present society of the Republic of Korea(1948 to the present). Korean community had to know something about the practices of witch-people and to be convinced of their habits. National Security Law(NSL) explains the practices of witch-people and their habits. Korean lawyers and judges also have to believe in the witch-people craft, since they have controlled the judicial process and could halt the witch-hunts. For successful prosecutions, specific anti-NSL legislation and the establishment of anti-NSL jurisdiction is necessary.
   In addition, witch-hunts and people-hunts require an emotional atmosphere stirred up sermons, discussions and rumors. They often be used to begin with individual denunciations stemming from personal grudges. Sometimes the individual malice against a person plays an important role. Sometimes the political struggles be used to confess the practices of witch-people and their habits. So, the Inquisition of the Western Middle Age and the NSL of the modern Korea encourage people to struggle with each other and even to politically kill persons of minority groups from personal grudges. Witchcraft in the seventeenth century of western societies was understood within the discourses of religion and the law, so that we can speak of the religious discourse of witchcraft or the legal discourse of witchcraft. People-hunts in the twentieth century of Korean society is understood within the discourses of political ideology or the NSL's discourse of people-hunts.
   As well as witch-hunts are now to be understood as “collective hysteria”, the NSL of Korea is to be understood as “a collective hysteria of Korean society.” As well as the western modern people had to escape from the collective hysteria of the religious and patriarchal discourses, we, all Korean people, have to escape from the collective hysteria of the NSL discourses. In the western world, it is also possible to construct a feminist discourse of witchcraft in opposition to the patriarchal and religious discourse in which “a witch” is a specially gendered identity. In the Korean society, it is also possible to construct the holistic and united discourses of Korean peninsula in opposition to the half-national discourse in which “a people-hunt” is a specially north-koreanized identity. For the union and peace of Korean peninsula, the NSL has to be immediately abolished as well as the Inquisition was abolished in the western world.                

Chang Si-ki  changsk@dongguk.edu

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