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Plagiarism Is Cheating-Be Honest for Your Academic Success

   
 
  * Lee Phil sang Korea University's President  
 
By Cho Ryeo-jin
The Post Reporter
lemonyujin@dongguk.edu

Many professors in Korean universities are being charged with plagiarism. Korea University's president Lee admitted that he plagiarized his students?essays. At that time, he insisted that such a thing had happened commonly in the past, but he finally resigned from his position. Professors have a duty to lead students on the path of virtuous learning, but if they plagiarize, their students will follow suit.
Plagiarism is common among Korean students. There are a lot of web sites that offer pre-written and custom papers. According to one survey, 67% of students attending college answered that they had bought papers on the Internet through websites like 'Happy campus,?but they do not seem to recognize the seriousness of this crime. This is maybe because most students have been plagiarizing since elementary school.
" I  don't want to do it, but I plagiarize when I don't have enough time to do homework. You know, plagiarism is easy.? One Donggukian said. "And if a professor doesn't catch my plagiarism, I find myself doing it again. Sometimes I get a great grade because I plagiarized,? he added.

Negative Effects of Plagiarism
Plagiarism is not imitation, which is an attempt to be equal to what one emulates. Rather, it is nothing but cheating to get a high grade and honor. Therefore, plagiarism can never help us to develope our ability to achieve something. Lee Kyung-hye, a professor in the Dept. of English Lang. and Lit. at Anyang University, said, "If a writer who wrote an essay later finds out his paper was plagiarized, he will lose enthusiasm for his work and thus it can result in a serious social and economic loss.?
Moreover, if we hear a lot of reports about many intellectuals plagiarizing, people will grow insensitive towards the problem of plagiarism. For this reason, most university students are not sensitive about plagiarism and excuse it by saying that their professors also do it. Korean students need to understand the seriousness of plagiarism.

What is the definition of plagiarism?
"Plagiarism is the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work. Unlike cases of forgery, in which the authenticity of the writing, document, or some other kind of object, itself is in question, plagiarism is concerned with the issue of false attribution.?-From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Harvard University's definition:
Harvard's Writing with Sources-A guide for Students sets guidelines about plagiarism. "Plagiarism means 'a kidnapper?in Latin.? Here are some patterns of plagiarism that are defined by this book.
1. Data that is not clear about its source even though a student uses different expressions and words from the original text.
2. A quotation that has no quotation marks even if their sources is clarified.

The University of Chicago's Definition.
Chicago's Doing Honest Work in College, written by Prof. Charles Lipson, explains the difference between citations and plagiarism by using example sentences. The contents of this book are the same as Harvard's.
If you use a quotation mark and identify a quotation, it is citation. But if you don't, it is plagiarism.

Universities are educating students about plagiarism. "We started to write essays before entering university. Today, most students learned about the difference between a quotation and plagiarism since they were middle school students. And we are warned about plagiarism in every essay class. Punishment for plagiarism is huge. Students will get F grade and will be suspended from school,? John Choo, a freshman at Georgia Institute of Technology.
In France, if a student plagiarizes, he will not be allowed to take any national examination including the driving test. In Japan, there is a wicket for a report on plagiarism.

Conclusion
At Harvard, students have to sign a 'science honesty memo?every semester. And they get an email warning plagiarism from their vice-dean. In Korea, few schools warn students about plagiarism so students do not care about it and keep doing it. This is a national educational disgrace.
Here are more specific ways to avoid plagiarism according to Harvard.
-Avoid writing an essay just before deadline.
-Classify your opinion and other people's opinion.
-If you cannot submit your homework before deadline, you should consult with your professor.
-Don't pretend to have more knowledge than you have.
-Citations are needed but use them briefly.

Cho Ryeo-jin  lemonyujin@dongguk.edu

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