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The Greatest Happiness for the Greatest Number
  Everyone can commit a crime during one’s lifetime. The kinds of crimes are various. They are from crimes against morality to felonies against a law. Also there is a punishment for a crime that we have to tell a punishment occurred on a social common notion that person who damage to others has to receive the same penalty. Arguments about this punishment are continuing in our society today. Also, there are doubts on punishment’s necessity and boundary.
In relation to the doubts on punishment’s necessity and boundary, the debate over capital punishment has been continuous for many years now.  Additionally, these arguments come from different types of schools and reasoning. Even these days, several theories of punishment such as utilitarianism, retribution is a very controversial issue that revolves around.
  To be specific, firstly, utilitarianism does not view punishment as hurting or correcting an individual but helping to cure a sociological problem. There are three methods used to carry out the utilitarian form of punishment: deterrence, reform and incapacitation. Utilitarianism gives a definition or a criterion for right actions. Thus, the utilitarian insist that punishment is not compulsory.
  They think it is possible to misjudge because punishment is not decided by absolute being. Besides unlike retributivists, who assert harsh punishment is necessary since it lowers crime rate and achieves justice, they believe economical efficiencies would be dropped by spending cost when we punish all criminals. Moreover, they assert punishment is necessary if such crimes leave a negative effect on the society.
  Meanwhile, a retributivist is mostly more concerned about a person’s background because a central ideology of this theory is the offender’s fault and accountability.
  However, it is observable that both of the philosophies can be evaluated in which people view society as one organism. Furthermore, both of the theories share same goal, which is to improve the state of society for all citizens in the future.
  Punishment can be an important element. Although punishments hardly have effectiveness according to utilitarian, it is necessary for society’s stability. If criminals do not receive any interference, the world will be full of serious crimes. People will not trust each other and will be exposed to lose a sense of judgment. In a word, the figure will be horrible and vile. Needless to say, excess or wrong punishment should be banned.
  The criminal is a man of character. They must be punished with a little freedom. It is clear that appropriate punishment is efficient for devilish criminals. Just as the theory of  utilitarianism is commonly understood as being a hypothesis that assesses and promotes moral actions on the basis of their outcome using the maxim—“the greatest happiness for the greatest number.”

Na Soo-hyun  sunny93511@dongguk.edu

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