Many of you have probably watched the films The Day After Tomorrow (“Tomorrow” in Korea) and Volcano. The plot of The Day After Tomorrow is that because of global warming, the Antarctic and Arctic glaciers began to gradually melt. As the seawater became colder the course of the oceans’ currents began to change. As a result, the Earth soon entered anther ice age. The film Volcano also dealt with a natural disaster. This time it was a volcanic eruption. Because of a volcanic eruption, lava flowed onto Los Angeles’s main streets and the sky was filled with smoke and flames. While these natural disasters happened in movies, they can happen in the real world as well. Natural disasters including hurricanes, earthquakes and volcanoes are overwhelming forces of nature, and cannot be completely and artificially eradicated. Accordingly, to minimize losses, countermeasures against such natural disasters need to be established. Let’s look at three natural disasters: Global warming, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
In recent years, the world has suffered great losses because of unforeseen weather phenomena. Scientists say that abnormal changes in the weather are due to climate change which is being caused by global warming. Since the industrial revolution in 1868, the average global temperature increased to 14.69℃ by 1998. To solve this problem, we should make efforts to decrease massive energy consumption and try to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas. Also, we need to develop eco-friendly alternative energy sources.
On March 11th, 2011, Japan was attacked by a massive earthquake and a gigantic tsunami slammed into its eastern coast killing thousands of people as it carried away cars and homes, and triggered widespread fires that burned out of control. Earthquakes can happen suddenly and there is little that can be done to forecast them. Still, we need to study all indications. Furthermore, we need to set up an earthquake management system for better predictions and the minimization of losses of both life and property so people can get back to their normal lives as soon as possible.
Many of us know of volcanoes through books and movies, although we have not actually seen them in person. Most often they are described as lava flowing down the sides of a volcano and then, hitting homes, cars, trees and killing many people. It is a frightening thought. If a volcano near your home were to erupt, how would you deal with the situation? Maybe, there is nothing that you can do about it. Still buildings can be built without the use of pyroclastic materials and roofs can be built sharply to prevent ash accumulation.
Due to economic prosperity and rapid industrialization, natural disasters recently have caused greater damage than in past years. However, as I have said, these occur regardless of human will, so we must simply try to minimize our losses. Natural disasters ruin people’s lives and damage our societies. We should all be concerned with natural disasters. While you are enjoying the movies, always remember there are those in some parts of the world who are living with them.
Kim Yu-young firstname.lastname@example.org
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